A ponta de flecha de ferro tem 12cm e foi encontrada no alto das montanhas localizadas nas proximidades do Fiord de Hardanger, na parte ocidental da Noruega.
Com a glaciação e as mudanças no solo, artefatos históricos têm aparecido com mais frequência. O último achado em Hardanger rendeu uma excelente fotografia.
Aproximadamente mil anos atrás, um viking andava caçando a cerca de 1.400m do nível do mar em Store Ishaug em Eidford, justamente onde é hoje o Parque Nacional de Hardangervidda (Noruega). Possivelmente, uma rena era o seu alvo, e com um arco e flecha buscava abatê-la, porém ao que tudo indica, uma das flechas perdeu-se em meio a neve.
In September 2019, a local out for a walk near his mountain cabin stumbled across the arrowhead, laying on the floor next to a snowflake. “I immediately realized that it was something special, something from before they used rifles,” said Ernst Hagen.
Nothing similar ever found in the area
Hagen took the arrowhead to the archaeologists at Hordaland county council. Archaeologist Tore Slinning sais that no similar findings have been made in Hordaland before.
“This is an unusual finding and a bit of a hit. It's like finding a needle in the haystack. Such discoveries may emerge as climate change melts the ice and changes the form of the land. This arrowhead would have been covered by snow in the winter had it not been found,” he said.
Keep your eyes open
If the iron arrowhead had been left exposed, it would gradually erode and eventually disappear completely. The wooden arrow itself is long gone.
“We don't know when the long arrow would have decomposed. In soil, everything rots. The arrow may have rotted away a long time ago if it was in soil. If it had been encased in snow and ice, it may have decomposed much more recently when the snow had melted. Those who are in the close proximity to glaciers that melt should look for such ancient discoveries,” Slinning says.
The arrowhead is made of iron. There has been iron extraction in the area in the past, and several villages nearby. The arrowhead was found in the mountains near to these former settlements.
Findings across Norway as glaciers melt
The archaeologist said that such finds are not common in Hardanger, unlike several others places in Norway.
This summer, an arrow with arrowhead was found in Fresvik, while a 1,500-year-old sled was discovered on Vossaskaret.
The reason why there are relatively few discoveries in Hordaland is to do with the movement of Norway's glaciers. Objects are often crushed by the glaciers, whereas in Oppland, objects are left laying on the plains as snow melts.
The arrowhead is now being looked after by the University Museum in Bergen. The experts there will preserve it, so that no further rusting takes place, and attempt to more accurately date it. So far, the best estimates put the arrowhead at approximately 1,000 years old. That would date it to the end of the Viking Era or the Early Middle Ages.
FONTE: Life in Norway
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